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8 Supplements to boost male fertility and increase sperm count



So many things to consider, take away the stress by addressing the basics first

There are many uncontrollable factors in fertility — your genetics, your age, an unpredictable cycle, are just a few to mention.

Giving your body the best possible foods and supplements is an easy way to set good terrain and foundation and remain ahead. Working with a professional team of NHS doctors, geneticists and clinical nutritionists to choose the right balance of vitamins for you and personalising your journey can help improve your chances of a healthy pregnancy. 

Mind your supplements

You can buy most supplements at a health food shop, however without proper professional guidance they can negatively impact with medications that you are taking. The quality aspect is also vital, since some don’t contain enough of the nutrients required to make a real difference.

Without testing you can end up taking too much of one thing, and not enough of another, leading to imbalances. The quality of what you take is crucial as some contain fillers and other compounds that should be avoided.

Top Tip

ScreenMe your supplements – all supplements are not equal but those sold in the ScreenMe Shop are carefully considered and checked for quality and content by our scientists before being recommended.

Here are 9 of the most efficient supplements to increase male fertility:

1.  B12:

In 2017 a study from Jordan University of Science and Technology showed that B12 has a direct impact on the quality of sperm count and sperm motility. Both food consumption and supplementation have shown to help. Where a vegan or vegetarian way of eating is being followed, supplements are highly advised.

B12 your foods to optimum:

B12 is mainly found in dairy and animal derived foods.


Also if you want to now more specifically about vitamin B12 the post below can help you.

vitamin B12

Top Tip:

Ensure your digestive system is in tip top condition so that absorption is uncompromised. Your ScreenMe gut microbiome testing can help you to figure out your gut condition.

2.  Vitamin C zing

Vitamin C protects can reduce cell damage to body and so sperm from oxidative damage. It also helps to increase iron absorption.  Multiple studies around 2016 found that taking vitamin C with vitamin E improved the number of sperms, sperm mobility, and sometimes quality of sperm in men.

C your foods:

Fruits - papaya, strawberries, oranges, kiwifruit

Veggies - bell peppers, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, and kale.

Top Tip:

Vitamin C is sensitive to cooking and processing get a good amount from eating foods raw.

3. CoQ10 yourself

The body produces this on its own, but production reduces with age. The active form (ubiquinone) is an antioxidant that protects sperm cells from damage protecting them and helping them in increasing motility. Added benefits show in a study in 2018 found that supplementing with ubiquinone prior to IVF improved ovary response.


CoQ10 to your foods:

Meat and meat products - beef, organ meats, eggs.

Fish marinated herring, rainbow trout, salmon.

Fruits and veg - strawberries and oranges, raw broccoli and, plus.

Nuts, grains, and seeds - whole grains that still contain the germ, peanuts, pistachios, sesame seeds.


Top Tip:

The multi vitamin on the ScreenMe Shop has CoQ10 as a bonus to all the other nutrients, vitamins, and minerals.

4. Vitamin D sunshine

Vitamin D is essential for human health and contributes to reproduction. Some research shows that deficiency may be associated with infertility in both men and women. so, it’s important to be tested for vitamin D deficiency.


D double your foods

oily fish - salmon, sardines, pilchards, trout, herring, kippers and eel

egg yolk, meat, offal, and milk contain small amounts, but this can vary seasonally.


Also if you want to now more specificly about vitamin D the post below can help you

vitamin D

Top Tip:

When the sun is out, 15 minutes on your forearms and legs can synthesise naturally in your body and give what you need. If you live somewhere with little/no sun, test your levels and take adequate supplementation in a professionally recommended supplement.

Fact: Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin and so needs a little fat to absorb, in its supplement form D3 is the best, with K2 to help it absorb.

5. Folate (B9) not too late

Latest research suggests that folate (B9) can help reduce the instance of sperm with too few or too many chromosomes. When fertilising an egg, sperm with imbalanced chromosomes could lead to birth defects such as Down syndrome, or even increase likelihood of miscarriage.

Folate your foods higher

Lentils, asparagus, spinach, collard greens

pinto, navy, kidney, black and garbanzo beans


Top Tip:

1 cup per day of the foods above provides 50-90% of your daily needs.

6. L-Carnitine acid for sperm

This amino acid is a needed for sperm cells to function normally. Research published in Fertility and Sterility and the International Journal of Andrology shows that L-Carnitine can help sperm motility in men with low sperm quality and help increase sperm count. Carnitine and CoQ10 have been shown to work together.


Get high with amino acid rich foods

nuts, seeds.

garlic, mustard greens, parsley

vegetables - artichokes, asparagus, beet greens, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, collard greens, okra


Top Tip:

If you don’t enjoy the taste of something, include these fine foods in a smoothie and add the garlic and mustard greens into sauces and soups.

7. Selenium

A little discussed but important mineral that may have a part to play in the reproductive system and in relation to thyroid function. Studies have shown that selenium deficiency can be a factor in miscarriage, low semen quality, and poor sperm motility. A 2019 study showed that it may help in maintaining the health of follicular fluid surrounding women’s eggs.


Selenium nuts

Eat 2 x brazil nuts per day to get your quota, remember it’s called a “trace” mineral for a reason.


Top Tip

Check your levels, keep them in the range, over consumption/supplementation can lead to issues with nails and hair, diarrhoea and according to a recent study, increase in cholesterol levels by around 10% when overconsumed.


8. Zinc

A few studies have shown that deficiency can reduce testosterone levels. A recent trial published found men who had adequate levels of folic acid and zinc had a 74% increase in total sperm count! Supplementation can help to increase testosterone, sperm count, and motility.


Zinc your foods

Meats such as beef tenderloin, lamb, oysters, and venison (deer) and seafood like shrimp are high in this nutrient. Easy to get daily sources are sesame seeds, raw pumpkin seeds, and green peas.


Top Tip:

Zinc can be damaged when foods are cooked or processed so eating some raw foods can help. Testing for zinc levels is recommended.

The take home message 

Men who live a healthy lifestyle tend to produce healthy sperm. The measures above are simple changes that are evidence-based ways of improving your chances of having a family or becoming a strong sperm donor. 

More information about how to increase sperm count you can find with our 10 tips for boosting male fertility

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